Fayzullin I.A., Kuptsova L.V., Mukhametdinov V.I. The Ceramics Production of the Cis-Ural Srubnaya Culture: A Case Study of the Kurgan Cemetery I Near Tverdilovo Village

 
Ildar A. Fayzullin, Researcher of the Archaeological Laboratory, Orenburg State Pedagogical University, Sovetskaya St, 19, 460000 Orenburg, Russian Federation
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Lydiya V. Kuptsova, Candidate of Science (History), Head of the Archaeological Laboratory, Orenburg State Pedagogical University, Sovetskaya St, 19, 460000 Orenburg, Russian Federation
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Vadim I. Mukhametdinov, Researcher of the Educational and Scientific Archaeological Museum, Bashkir State University, Zaki-Validi St, 32, 450076 Ufa, Russian Federation
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Abstract. The article analyzes the ceramics of the Timber culture, recovered from a kurgan cemetery near the village of Tverdilovo (excavated in 2017 in the Western Orenburg region). Under embankment of kurgan 1, 30 vessels were found in 21 burials, made in a narrow chronological interval. When considering these vessels according to one methodological system, which includes morphological and technical and technological analysis, the peculiarities of the production of pottery were highlighted both for a single group of the population and for the region as a whole. The analysis of the technological traditions of ceramics production from the Tverditovo kurgan cemetery shows that the population that left these ceramics was not homogeneous. There are two different traditions even at the stage of selection of plastic soft raw materials: one of them used silty clay for making dishes, the other applied natural clay. So, it is difficult to explain an isolated case of using sludge and low-grade ferrum clay. Using comparative analysis we can assume that the nearest burial monument according to its ceramics products is the Bogolubovskiy kurgan cemetery where we also can find silty and natural clay and the receipt of molding mass as “clay+ chamotte+ organic materials”. Pottery traditions of the population that left the presented vessels were heterogeneous, which is recorded both in terms of morphological and technological characteristics. A similar picture is typical for other settlement and burial sites in the Orenburg Cis-Urals. The monument was dominated by the pottery traditions of the Timber culture with a slight influence of the Alakul elements.
Key words: Orenburg Cis-Urals, kurgan cemetery, technical and technological analysis of ceramics, pottery, Late Bronze Age, Srubnaya culture, Timber culture.
Citation. Fayzullin I.A., Kuptsova L.V., Mukhametdinov V.I., 2021. Goncharnoe proizvodstvo srubnoy kul’tury Predural’ya po materialam kurgannogo mogil’nika I u sela Tverdilovo [The Ceramics Production of the Cis-Ural Srubnaya Culture: A Case Study of the Kurgan Cemetery I Near Tverdilovo Village]. Nizhnevolzhskiy Arkheologicheskiy Vestnik [The Lower Volga Archaeological Bulletin], vol. 20, no. 2, pp. 8-23. DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/nav.jvolsu.2021.2.1
 
The Ceramics Production of the Cis-Ural Srubnaya Culture: A Case Study of the Kurgan Cemetery I Near Tverdilovo Village by Fayzullin I.A., Kuptsova L.V., Mukhametdinov V.I. is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
 
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