Otcherednoy A.K., Remizov S.O., Stepanova K.N., Eltsov M.V., Voskresenskaya E.V., Vishnyatsky L.B.,Nehoroshev P.E., Bloсhin E.K., Titov V.V., Kolesnik A.V. Middle Paleolithic Site Sukhaya Mechёtka: the Renewal of Complex Investigations.

 
Aleksander K. Otcherednoy, Candidate of Sciences (History), Senior Researcher, Paleolithic Department, Institute for the History of Material Culture RAS, Dvortsovaya emb., 18, 191186 Saint Petersburg, Russian Federation
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Stanislav O. Remizov, Historical, Ethnographic and Architectural Museum-Preserve “Old Sarepta”, Volgograd, Russian Federation, Izobilnaya St., 10, 400026 Volgograd, Russian Federation
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Ksenia N. Stepanova, Candidate of Sciences (History), Researcher, Paleolithic Department, Institute for the History of Material Culture RAS, Dvortsovaya emb., 18, 191186 Saint Petersburg, Russian Federation
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Maxim V. Eltsov, Candidate of Sciences (Biology), Institute of Physicochemical and Biological Problems in Soil Science RAS, Institutskaya St., 2, 142290 Pushchino, Russian Federation
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Ekaterina V. Voskresenskaya, Researcher, Quaternary paleogeography Department, Institute of geography RAS, Khvostov pereulok, 29, 119017 Moscow, Russian Federation
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Leonid B. Vishnyatsky, Doctor of Sciences (History), Leading Researcher, Paleolithic Department, Institute for the History of Material Culture RAS, Dvortsovaya emb., 18, 191186 Saint Petersburg, Russian Federation
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Pavel E. Nehoroshev, Candidate of Sciences (History), Senior Researcher, Paleolithic Department, Institute for the History of Material Culture RAS, Dvortsovaya emb., 18, 191186 Saint Petersburg, Russian Federation
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Egor K. Bloсhin, Researcher, Rescue archeology Department, Institute for the History of Material Culture RAS, Dvortsovaya emb., 18, 191186 Saint Petersburg, Russian Federation
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Vadim V. Titov, Candidate of Sciences (Biology), Leading Researcher, Southern Scientific Center of the RAS, Prosp. Chekhova, 41, 344006 Rostov-on-Don, Russian Federation
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Aleksander V. Kolesnik, Doctor of Sciences (History), Professor, Head Department of Historiography, Source Studies, Archeology and Methods of Teaching History, Donetsk National University, Universitetskaya St., 24, 283001 Donetsk, Ukraine
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Abstract. The Sukhaya Mechёtka site, located on the northern outskirts of Volgograd, has attracted the attention of Paleolithic researchers since its discovery in 1951 by geologists A.I.Koptev and M.N. Grishchenko. The materials of the site - a collection of stone products currently kept at the MAE RAS, and chronostratigraphic information – can be considered as perfect by standards of open Paleolithic complexes. To a large extent, the site acquired such a significance due to the presence of the only one perfectly preserved cultural layer, which lies in clear stratigraphic conditions. Being densely overlapped with thick deposits, the site was preserved so well that it remained unaffected by the turbulent natural processes of the last glacial-interglacial macrocycle. Single-layer sites usually have a disadvantage comparing to multi-layer complexes in terms of the importance level of the tasks solved with their help. But the Sukhaya Mechёtka favorably differs from other sites by the measure of cultural layer being studied in the field and the potential for further studies. The stone assemblage and field documentation archives created by M.Z. Panichkina and S.N. Zamyatnin show a picture of the life of Middle Paleolithic hunters settlement taken at limited time interval. It is confirmed by preliminary results of planigraphic and technological analyzes performed with use of refitting. Sukhaya Mechёtka is a practically intact echo of an individual Neanderthal community’s life, as far as it’s possible for archaeological material of this age. However, the matter of the site’s chronology, and the time period of Sukhaya Mechёtka layer formation being determined in particular, are not completely resolved. The representations of the middle of the last century based on geological observations (Mikulino) need to be verified. The C14 dating method showed obviously an inadequately young age. OSL dating results are expected to be gained in the future.
Key words: Middle Paleolithic, Late Pleistocene, Sukhaya Mechёtka, neanderthal, Miсoquian, buried soils, Khazarian transgression of the Caspian Sea, Khvalynian transgression of the Caspian Sea.
Citation. Otcherednoy A.K., Remizov S.O., Stepanova K.N., Eltsov M.V., Voskresenskaya E.V., Vishnyatsky L.B.,Nehoroshev P.E., Bloсhin E.K., Titov V.V., Kolesnik A.V., 2020. Middle Paleolithic Site Sukhaya Mechёtka: the Renewal of Complex Investigations. The Lower Volga Archaeological Bulletin, vol. 19, no. 1, pp. 230-253. (in Russian). DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/nav.jvolsu.2020.1.13
 

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Middle Paleolithic Site Sukhaya Mechёtka: the Renewal of Complex Investigations by Otcherednoy A.K., Remizov S.O., Stepanova K.N., Eltsov M.V., Voskresenskaya E.V., Vishnyatsky L.B.,Nehoroshev P.E., Bloсhin E.K., Titov V.V., Kolesnik A.V. is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.












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