Gagloiti R.H., Kochkarov U.U., Mamaev R.Kh., Narozhnyi V.E., Narozhnyi E.I. Spearheads of the Keliysky Stone Box Burial Ground (Ingushetia Highlands)

 
Robert H. Gagloiti, Candidate of Sciences (History), Director, South-Ossetian Scientific Research Institute named after Z.N. Vaneev, Prosp. Alana Dzhioeva, 3, 100001 Tskhinval, South Ossetia
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Umar U. Kochkarov, Candidate of Sciences (History), Head of the Scientific Archive, Institute of Archeology of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Dm. Ulyanova St, 19, 117292 Moscow, Russian Federation
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Rashid Kh. Mamaev, Assistant, Department of History of Ancient World and Middle Ages, Chechen State University, A. Sheripova St, 32, 364024 Grozny, Russian Federation
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Vitaliy E. Narozhnyi, Candidate of Sciences (History), Independent Researcher, Armavir, Russian Federation
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Evgeniy I. Narozhnyi, Doctor of Sciences (History), Professor, Department of World History, Karachay-Cherkess State University named after U.D. Aliyev, Lenina St, 29, 369202 Karachayevsk, Russian Federation This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
 

 
Abstract. For the first time, the paper publishes all 20 spearheads and one spear counter-weight, discovered as a result of excavations in 1987–1988, in Keliysky stone boxes burial ground of Highland Ingushetia. A brief description of the burials containing these artifacts is published. The main feature of this burial ground is that the burial structural stone boxes, despite being intended primarily for individual burials, were used for multiple (up to five times) subburials. And only a small part of the spearheads were revealed in the burials in situ, while the rest were either re-laid (together with the bone remains of the buried), moved to the end of the stone box, placed onto the stone box overlap or buried in the ground above the stone box. The authors of the paper assume that the population who made the stone-bearing burial ground (at least its significant part) is of a foreign cultural origin. Accordingly, the artifacts accompanying the buried, including of defensive and offensive weapon parts, are largely imported. The published collection of spearheads, containing a small variety of types, allows us to consider the Keliysky burial ground to be a reference monument for the spearheads typology in the North Caucasus of the 13th–14th centuries AD.
Key words: Highland Ingushetia, Keliysky burial ground, stone boxes, Golden Horde time, spearheads, military affairs.
Citation. Gagloiti R.H., Kochkarov U.U., Mamaev R.Kh., Narozhnyi V.E., Narozhnyi E.I., 2021. Nakonechniki kopiy Keliyskogo kamennoyashchechnogo mogil’nika (Gornaya Ingushetiya) [Spearheads of the Keliysky Stone Box Burial Ground (Ingushetia Highlands)]. Nizhnevolzhskiy Arkheologicheskiy Vestnik [The Lower Volga Archaeological Bulletin], vol. 20, no. 2, pp. 169-185. DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/nav.jvolsu.2021.2.8
 
Spearheads of the Keliysky Stone Box Burial Ground (Ingushetia Highlands) by Gagloiti R.H., Kochkarov U.U., Mamaev R.Kh., Narozhnyi V.E., Narozhnyi E.I. is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
 
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