Monakhov S.Yu. Typology and Chronology of Akanthian Amphorae (in English)

 
Sergey Yu. Monakhov, Doctor of Science (History), Professor, Head of the Department of Ancient World History, Saratov State University, Astrachaanskaya St, 83, 410012 Saratov, Russian Federation
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Abstract. The amphora stamps of the Chalcidian city-state Akanthos were localized a little over 30 years ago due to discovering of ceramic workshops remains, where defective stamped fragments were found. The complete amphorae forms have come to be known quite recently, with a significant part of the findings being attributed to the Black Sea region. Taking into account materials from the Akanthos amphora workshops and numerous findings of vessels in the Akanthian necropolis, it became possible to develop a container typology used in this center and provide a detailed chronology of ceramic containers of this city-state. However, the findings from the Northern Black Sea region are of special significance. They were recovered in well-dated burial and settlement complexes: the Prikubanskiy necropolis, in Olbia, Phanagoria, Gorgippia, Chersonesos, Luzanovka, a kurgan cemetery near the village settlement Bogachevka, etc. While we only know one Akanthian amphora belonging to the 5th century BC, then, for the following 4th century BC within the first – third quarters, at least 4 types of containers are identified within several variants: I-A, I-B, II, III-A, III-B, IV. There are reasons for considering that some samples of amphorae on a “shot glass-shaped” toe (“Mendean”) dating back to the 5th and 4th centuries BC are qualified as Akanthian products. They were manufactured outside of Mende in a number of other centers of Chalkidiki: Scione, Aphytis and Thoron.
Key words: Akanthos, Northern Black Sea region, amphorae, ceramic stamps, ceramic complexes.
Citation. Monakhov S.Yu., 2021. Tipologiya i hronologiya akanfskih amfor [Typology and Chronology of Akanthian Amphorae]. Nizhnevolzhskiy Arkheologicheskiy Vestnik [The Lower Volga Archaeological Bulletin], vol. 20, no. 2, pp. 43-65. DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/nav.jvolsu.2021.2.3
 
Typology and Chronology of Akanthian Amphorae by Monakhov S.Yu. is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
 
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