Shabanov S.B. Pogrebal’nyy kompleks srednesarmatskogo vremeni iz mogil’nika Opushki v Krymu [Middle Sarmatian Burial Complex from Opushki Necropolis, the Crimea

 
Stanislav B. Shabanov, Project Manager, Non-Profitable Foundation “Heritage of Millennia”, Chernishevskogo St, 10а, office 6, 295051 Simferopol, Russian Federation
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Abstract. The Necropolis of Opushki is located in approximately 15 km to the east from Simferopol, 2–2,5 km to the south-west from the village of Opushki of Mazanka Rural Settlement in Crimea. Illegal excavations have been conducted on the territory of the cemetery since 2002. More than 200 burials constructions were destroyed as a result of grave robbers actions on the territory of about 3 hectares. Scientific researches of the necropolis were conducted in 2003 – 2005, 2007, 2009, 2013–2014, 2016–2020. During this period, more than 300 burials of different types have been uncovered (crypts, simple pit graves, shaft-and-chambers graves, slab graves and cist tomb). Judging by excavated sites, the cemetery was in continuous use from the 1st century BC until the 4th century AD. Among the researched burial constructions there are crypts typical for the Late Scythian period, middle and late Sarmatian burials, crypts influenced by the Northern Caucasus Alans arriving in Crimea, cremation performed by German tradition. The paper is devoted to the middle Sarmatian paired burial in the grave № 233 excavated in 2018. The assemblage of grave goods from that grave is quite various and informative: bronze fibulae, bronze and iron bracelets, red slip pottery, beads. The chronology of the burial assemblage may be defined as the second half of the 1st – first half of the 2nd centuries AD. The funeral rite of paired burials is not typical for the tradition of individual burials in first centuries, although its features are found in the burial grounds of the Central and South-Western Crimea. This funeral rite is associated with the issues of family structure and social relations in the late Scythian society.
Key words: Crimea, Opushki necropolis, Middle Sarmatian culture, paired burial, grave goods, glass vessel.
Citation. Shabanov S.B., 2021. Pogrebal’nyy kompleks srednesarmatskogo vremeni iz mogil’nika Opushki v Krymu [Middle Sarmatian Burial Complex from Opushki Necropolis, the Crimea]. Nizhnevolzhskiy Arkheologicheskiy Vestnik [The Lower Volga Archaeological Bulletin], vol. 20, no. 1, pp. 251-262. DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/nav.jvolsu.2021.1.12
 
Middle Sarmatian Burial Complex from Opushki Necropolis, the Crimea by Shabanov S.B. is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
 
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