Dyachenko A.N. New Pre-Scythian Burials from the Volgograd Region. Interpretation Problems

 
Alexandr N. Dyachenko, Researcher, Laboratory of Archaeological Research, Volgograd State University, Prosp. Universitetsky, 100, 400062 Volgograd, Russian Federation
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Abstract. The article is devoted to the publication and analysis of new burial materials of the pre-Scythian period (9th – 7th centuries BC), obtained as a result of excavations of several burial mounds in the Volgograd region. The work was carried out by the expedition of Volgograd State University from the end of the past to the beginning of the present century. The burial mounds were located on the coastal terraces of the Don river and some of its tributaries, as well as on the steppe watersheds associated with the Don basin. The sample includes seven pre-Scythian burials, the burial rite and clothing material of which allows us to correlate them with the previously discovered monuments of the Chernogorovskaya Culture of the southern Russian steppes and date them within the boundaries of the initial stage of the early Iron Age. According to archaeological and anthropological data, various components were involved in the formation of this culture in the Lower Volga region and the neighbouring Don and the Volga-Ural regions. The basis was autochthonous substrates of the Late Bronze Age, as well as cultural formations derived from them at the final stage of the Late Bronze Age. The combination of local and imported cultural traditions is also reflected in the grave inventory of the studied series, especially in the ceramic complex, which shows technological and typological features of various origin. The variety of elements of the funeral rite and the mixed nature of the accompanying inventory of the presented burial series reflect the complex processes of cultural genesis in the Lower Volga region in the pre-Scythian period during transition to a nomadic economy.
Key words: Bronze Age, Early Iron Age, pre-Scythian time, funeral rite, cultural genesis, ceramic complex.
Citation. Dyachenko A.N., 2021. Novye pogrebeniya predskifskogo vremeni s territorii Volgogradskoy oblasti. Problemy interpretatsii [New Pre-Scythian Burials from the Volgograd Region. Interpretation Problems]. Nizhnevolzhskiy Arkheologicheskiy Vestnik [The Lower Volga Archaeological Bulletin], vol. 20, no. 1, pp. 39-50. DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/nav.jvolsu.2021.1.3
 
New Pre-Scythian Burials from the Volgograd Region. Interpretation Problems by Dyachenko A.N. is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
 
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