Kitov E.P., Grigorev A.P. Paleoanthropological Characteristics of the Early Sarmatian Population of Emba Basin River According to the Data from Mortyk I Cemetery

 
Egor P. Kitov, Candidate of Science (History), Senior Researcher of Center of Human Ecology, Institute of Ethnology and Anthropology of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Prosp. Lenina, 32A, 119334 Moscow, Russian Federation; Head of Laboratory for Physical Anthropology Research of Kazakhstan, Institute of Archaeology named after A.Kh. Margulan, Prosp. Dostyk, 44 / Shevchenko St., 28, 050010 Almaty, Republic of Kazakhstan
This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
 
Artem P. Grigorev, Junior Researcher, Volga-Ural Center for Paleoanthropological Research, Samara State Social and Pedagogical University, Maxim Gorky St., 65/67, 443099 Samara, Russian Federation
This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
 

 
Abstract. The paper focuses on the anthropological materials obtained from the cemetery Mortyk I. This archaeological monument is located on the Emba River, which originates from the western slopes of Mugodzhar mountains and flows into the Caspian Sea. Today it is one of the southernmost studied Sauromat-Sarmatian monuments of the early nomads. Unfortunately, there are practically no studied cemeteries dating back to the VI–IV centuries BC located in this region, despite the large number of cemeteries in this region and the Northern Aral Sea region. Anthropological materials from Mortyk I cemetery were studied using the craniological and osteometric programs, comonnly used in Russian science. A statistical and individual typological analysis was performed due to small number of series and their satisfactory preservation. According to the results of the analysis, the presented series shows the closest analogies with the population of the Ural river basin of the end of VI–IV centuries BC, despite the small number of individuals. Moreover, it can be noted that the Mortyk I archaeological monument appears to be the part of the general array of Sauromat-Sarmatian monuments, which occupies not only the Ural river basin and the Ustyurt plateau, but also the region to the north of the Aral Sea. It can be assumed that forming of culture and physical characteristics shown by the early nomads of the Sauromat-Sarmatian appearance connects them with the territory of the Aral Sea region and the Southern Ural. Further study of the monuments in the arid territories of the Northern Aral Sea region will reveal a lot of answers to debatable questions about the early nomads of the Volga-Ural region and Western Kazakhstan and origin and genesis of their culture and appearance.
Key words: early nomads, Sauromatians, Sarmatians, Southern Urals, Western Kazakhstan, anthropology, archaeology.
Citation. Kitov E.P., Grigorev A.P., 2020. Paleoanthropological Characteristics of the Early Sarmatian Population of Emba Basin River According to the Data from Mortyk I Cemetery. The Lower Volga Archaeological Bulletin,vol. 19, no. 1, pp. 130-148. (in Russian). DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/nav.jvolsu.2020.1.7
 
Лицензия Creative Commons
 
 
Paleoanthropological Characteristics of the Early Sarmatian Population of Emba Basin River According to the Data from Mortyk I Cemetery by Kitov E.P., Grigorev A.P. is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.




Attachments:
Download this file (7_Kitov_Grigoryev.pdf) 7_Kitov_Grigoryev.pdf
URL: https://nav.jvolsu.com/index.php/en/component/attachments/download/231
43 Downloads