Rusakov M.Yu. Сhronology of Early Scythian Complexes in the Insular Area of the Don River Delta

 
Mikhail Yu. Rusakov, Junior Researche of Archaeological Laboratory, Department of Humanities Research, Southern Scientific Center, RAS, Prosp. Chekhova, 41, 344006 Rostov-on-Don, Russian Federation
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Abstract. The paper deals with the chronology of Early Scythian burial complexes as well as random finds ofthe same period from the insular area of the Don river delta. 4 Early Scythian burials are known at the moment: Malakhov Erik II burial complex which is dated by the author to the first half of the 6th century BC on the basis of analysis of the funeral set; burial 108 of the Krest burial mound dating back to the end of the 7th – beginning of the 6th centuries BC on the basis of the analogies of the quiver set; burial 9 of barrow 136 of the Elizavetovskiy burial mound dating back to the first half of the 6th century BC, according to its stratigraphy, burial rite and grave goods; and burial 10 of barrow 136 from the same burial mound dating back to the end of the 7th century BC, according to the grave goods. The random finds from the area under consideration include such objects of interest as two cross plaques made of bronze and an Ionian red-clay juglet. As for the cross plaques, some specialists date them back to the first half of the 6th century BC, while the others – to the second half of the same century. We suppose that these cross plaques from the Don river delta can be dated not later than to 625 BC, and the Ionian juglet – to the first half of the 6th century BC. The analysis of archaeological sources let us make conclusion that Early Scythian burial sites had existed in the insular part of the Don River delta from the end of the 7th century BC to the middle of the 6th century BC, which had been the time of existence of the Early Scythian culture in the Lower Don region.
Key words: Lower Don region, Don river delta, Early Scythian culture, burial complex, imported Greek ceramics, cross plaque.
Citation. Rusakov M.Yu., 2018. Сhronology of Early Scythian Complexes in the Insular Area of the Don River Delta. The Lower Volga Archaeological Bulletin, vol. 17, no. 2, pp. 18-31. (in Russian). DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/nav.jvolsu.2018.2.2
 
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Сhronology of Early Scythian Complexes in the Insular Area of the Don River Delta by Rusakov M.Yu. is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
  
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